Report Finds Ohio Voting Laws Still Need Improvement to Avoid Election Day Problems
Ohio’s move to permit voters to register online starting next year is an important improvement in the state’s voting laws, but the state has more work to do to encourage voter registration and give voters more options on where they cast their ballots, Common Cause says in a report released today.
Protecting the Vote in 2016: A Look at 11 Swing States urges lawmakers to allow citizens to register and vote on the same day. The state also should join the five states that now register eligible citizens automatically when they do business at motor vehicle and other state offices, the report says.
The report praises Ohio’s refusal to accept ballots submitted over the internet – those votes are vulnerable to undetectable hacking – and the state’s use of voting equipment that provides each voter with a paper record of his or her vote.
“Ohio voters have several options on what kind of voter identification to present to vote, and online voter registration starts in earnest in 2017. Plus, Ohio voters can vote early in-person for nearly a month,” said Catherine Turcer of Common Cause Ohio. “However, we consistently have one of the highest provisional ballot rates and we don’t have automatic or same-day voter registration. There’s more the state could take on to make the ballot box truly accessible to all eligible voters. We want to get to a point where the Buckeye State is the land of enviable reform. After all, as one of the most important swing states, it’s essential we do everything we can to ensure that all eligible people are voting – and that their votes count.”
The report is intended to serve as a guidebook for voters seeking to navigate new state laws impacting their exercise of the right to vote. It encourages every eligible voter to register and cast a ballot and emphasizes that studies show that those who make a plan, including how and where to vote, are more likely to follow through and succeed. Knowing what to expect at the polling place on Election Day helps voters flesh out such a plan and knowing your rights assists you in securing your ballot.
“As Americans we should encourage every eligible person we know to vote. But with the release of Protecting the Vote 2016, Common Cause lays bare the lengths some state legislatures have gone to erect barriers making it harder for some Americans to vote,” said Common Cause President Karen Hobert Flynn. “Once voters learn laws they thought made elections safer, like voter ID requirements, actually prevent hundreds of thousands of eligible people from voting, they are more likely to see it as a manipulation of the system and reject it. It is critically important that voters exercise their constitutional right, so take a few minutes to learn more, because the best way to fight back against politicians gaming the system to silence your voice is to make a plan to vote.”
In addition to Ohio, the report focuses on the swing states of Colorado, Iowa, Florida, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Wisconsin. The report provides a comprehensive overview of voting practices – from how voters register to what they can expect at the polling place, to what states do to ensure ballots are accurately counted – in 11 swing states where races are tight and single votes can make a difference.
The report examines and summarizes each state’s laws impacting voters and rates them as “excellent,” “good,” “satisfactory,” “needs improvement” and “unsatisfactory.”
The report reviews:
- Voter ID: State requirements for voter identification at the precinct, noting whether the laws are fair or vote-suppressive.
- Voter Registration: Options each state provides for voter registration, understanding that more opportunities increase the chances that those who have been politically marginalized can participate;
- Voting Place Challenges: State laws governing challenges to voters at the polling place on Election Day, given that such efforts are often unsubstantiated, sometimes intimidating, and can lead to illegal behavior;
- Provisional Ballots: State procedures for counting provisional ballots, because some practices leave some voters voiceless;
- Paper Trails: Whether a state provides a paper record for each vote, verifiable by the voter, as glitches can occur with voting machines;
- Post-Election Audits: State policies and practices for robust post-election audits to detect and if necessary correct outcome-changing miscounts;
- Internet Ballot Transmission: State laws on the transmission of marked ballots over the internet, where because of the limits of current technology they can be intercepted and undetectably altered.
The report, authored by Allegra Chapman, Susannah Goodman and Dale Eisman of Common Cause with contributing author Pamela Smith of Verified Voting, is intended to educate and empower voters by providing tools and information they need to vote. It encourages every eligible voter to register and cast a ballot and emphasizes that studies show that those who make a plan, including how and where to vote, are more likely to follow through and succeed. Knowing what to expect at the polling place on Election Day helps voters flesh out such a plan and knowing your rights assists you in securing your ballot.
The report also aims to encourage election officials, state administrators, and legislators to improve existing election systems. America has no perfect voting system; all states could do more to provide access to voters and upgrade technology and safety measures. States that scored “needs improvement” or “unsatisfactory” in our ratings should heed the recommendations to improve their systems.